Mid-ocean ridge

Tidal Ratcheting

The following 2009 paper outlines an alternative model for what might drive the tectonic plates. The conjecture was put forward in 2009 and has yet to find a proper audience.

Ice shattered rock

A rock cracked and separated by repeated cycles of influx and expansion -
(in this case: water...to ice).

(Link to the 1-page Summary)

Tidal Ratcheting.1.

Tidal Ratcheting.2.

Tidal Ratcheting.3.Tidal Ratcheting.4.Tidal Ratcheting.5.

Tidal Ratcheting.6.

Tidal Ratcheting.7.

Tidal Ratcheting.8.

 

Tidal Ratcheting.9.

Tidal Ratcheting.10.

Tidal Ratcheting.11.Tidal Ratcheting.12.